Perlite its Uses in Growing plants and Pros Cons

Perlite its Uses in Growing plants and Pros Cons

It is easy to grow plants in perlite or in perlite mixed soil. Perlite soil is the best growing medium for new growers. If you want to grow plants with fewer efforts then you should use it for growing plants.

You can mix it in container potting soil and add it as a soil amendment in your raised bed garden soil.

But do you know how to use perlite in your garden, what it is and pros and cons, etc?

In this perlite guide, you will learn everything about this easy to use a growing medium.

What is perlite or perlite soil?

It is a non-crystalline solid volcanic glass that is derived from the cooled magma. Natural perlite has a dark black or grey color but after the heat treatment, it gets its brilliant white color. When you look closely at perlite you will see tiny pores in it. These pores make it better than other lightweight growing mediums.

Because perlite store nutrients in these pores and drain out the excess water. Moreover, tiny pores increase air circulation and reduce the chances of root fungus.

The good news is it is a disease-free, toxin-free, clean material that is good for growing vegetables, herbs, and houseplants.

Perlite is a famous industrial mineral. It is used in ceiling tiles, roof plasters, masonry due to its lightweight. Nowadays it is the most widely used as the soil amendment in horticulture.

How they make perlite?

Perlite glass is a solid material that contains a high percentage of water. It needs to be treated in the industries to make it ready for our use. The manufacturers of perlite buy volcanic glass in tonnes. Then they crush the glass to make tiny pieces of it. These small pieces are further sent to the industrial oven section for the heat treatment.

Where they put them in the industrial ovens at the temperature of 900 degrees C. Due to high heat the water content evaporates quickly. The tiny solid pieces of volcanic glass popup like popcorn and we get ready to use white color perlite.

Volcanic glass has the ability to expand up to 15 times its size after the heat treatment.

This high heat treatment also kills the toxins and harmful bacteria and give use clean and sterile perlite for use.

The chemical composition of perlite is depending upon the chemical composition of volcanic glass. Generally, it consists of 70 to 74% silicon dioxide.

The final product gets cavities in it and we call them holes. These holes help perlite to hold nutrients and water content. You can crush perlite soil particles by applying medium force. But when they get mixed in the soil, they do not get crushed. Because the weight of your garden soil is not enough to crush them and they remain in their shape.

aluminum oxide (12-15%)

sodium oxide (3-4%)

potassium oxide (3-5%)

iron oxide (0.5-2%)

magnesium oxide (0.2-0.7%)

How to use perlite in your garden?

You can use perlite in various ways in indoor and outdoor gardens. Some of the basic uses are

Mixing in raised bed soil:

Mix the perlite in raised bed soil to make it loose and lightweight. In some parts of the country, we have tightly packed soil that is not useful for plants. The soil should be loose enough so that the plant roots can develop easily.

Also, dense soil reduces the nutrient absorption rate that directly affects plant growth and health. To make heavy soil lightweight you need to mix perlite in it.

This also improves the aeration and save your plant roots from root rot like conditions.

Add in Container soil:

If the container soil of your garden holds the water for a long time and you are facing root fungus problems. Add perlite to your container soil and make it well-drained soil. Plants need water and carbon dioxide to make their food. But they do not like excess water. Overwatering can damage your plants and they do not grow properly.

For root cuttings:

When we grow plants from cuttings, they need light soil to grow. Perlite gives enough room for new roots to expand to their full natural size. Healthy plant roots mean healthy plants and more yield in the case of vegetable plants.

Types of perlite soil for growing plants

Perlite is mainly of 2 types one is Coarse perlite and the second is fine perlite. Some garden stores sell a third type of perlite that they called medium-grade perlite. But in Actual this is their home-made product. Because the industries only made 2 types of perlite soil.

Coarse perlite soil has high aeration properties and also has good draining properties than another medium grade or fine perlite. If you are growing plants in pots and containers then you should use Coarse perlite. Because it increases the aeration and your plant get enough amount of fresh air. Also, it has good draining capabilities. We all know to save container plants from overwatering we need soil with good draining properties. By adding Coarse perlite to your normal container soil, you can increase its draining power up to 10 times.

 The fine grade perlite material is best for starting seeds and growing plants from cuttings. A germinating seed needs a loosely packed growing medium to expand roots. New roots are soft and delicate if they do not get space easily, they will not grow. As a result, your seeds stop sprouting.

If you want to make potting soil for your container plants by yourself. Then the most important ingredient that you need to add is perlite. It is cheap and easily available. You cannot add perlite and compost in same potting soil. Compost also increases the water retention power of soil and make it lose.

If you are using compost do not use perlite or Vice versa.

Perlite Soil Vs Vermiculite Soil

The main difference is Vermiculite holds a high amount of water and nutrients in it. Vermiculite is suitable for plants that required a high amount of water to grow. Because it helps the soil to absorb and hold the nutrients for a long time. This ensures the continuous supply chain of nutrients to heavy feeder plants.

When we grow plants that required a high amount of nutrients, we use vermiculite + Soil. This combination release nutrient at a slow rate. This reduces the wastage of nutrients and also saves your money.

Do not mix perlite and vermiculite together. This will become a useless mixture and a total wastage of money. Both these are soil amendments, add one at a time in your garden soil and make it the best soil for your plants.

Using perlite in hydroponic systems

There is no doubt that perlite is perfect to use for growing plants when mixed with soil. But you can also use it in hydroponics especially when you have plant cuttings. Coarse perlite holds the plant cuttings firmly. Its well-draining nature encourages the roots to develop fast so that roots can touch the nutritional water and absorb nutrients. In hydroponics, water is the main source of nutrients.

Pros and cons of using perlite in your garden


Excellent drainage and aeration properties

Stable structure

Easily available


Cheap to buy

Useful in hydroponics


Fine grade perlite can be affected by strong airflow

Contains no nutrients

Do not retain much water

Not suitable for growing tropical plants

Best place to buy Perlite

You can buy the perlite from your local garden store. There you can feel the difference between the three types of perlite. But before that check the price of branded perlite on Amazon. Sometimes there is a huge difference in price.

You can also check the difference in local stores and buy the same quality product Online.

Is perlite Organic growing medium?

If you see through the chemistry perspective then perlite is not an organic substance. Because chemistry says any compound found on earth can only be called organic if it contains carbon. If the substance does not contain a single carbon particle then it cannot be called an organic substance.

 On the other hand, in the agricultural field, a substance that is naturally extracted or found on earth is called organic. So, for the farming sector perlite is 100% organic and is safe to grow plants. Make perlite soil by using perlite in your garden.

Gardening and your health

Gardening and your health

There is a new prescription in the market that is more famous and most doctors are prescribing it to their patients. They see a dramatic change in their mood, health, mindset, and the good news is this prescription is for everybody.

Doctors often tell their patients to go outside in green and spend some time with mother nature. In today’s busy world we don’t have time to go hiking to explore nature.

After everyday work our mind needs rest. I am not talking about sleeping for 7 hours every light. Here I am talking about rest from stress, overthinking, and emotions.

For office employees, it is not possible to visit the green belt every week. But what if a tell you there is a way by which you can stay in touch with nature.

A home garden or indoor garden is the best way to keep yourself close to nature and it is a healthy exercise for the body and mind.

What are green Prescriptions?

Few years ago, doctors advise their patients to go out and spend some time with themselves. But nowadays they prescribe these things to every patient. Work stress, family stress, relationship stress, financial stress, and other stress block our minds and reduce the energy and physiologic balance in human life.

Therefore, doctors tell their patients to go hiking through woods, spend some time to grow a plant, walk through a green park. Don’t sit at home on your couch and wait for a miracle to happen that brings your health back on track.

You have to take positive actions to improve your health and diet.

Social prescription is increasing day after day. It is for those who are suffering from depression, anxiety, and other forms of mental depressions.

Social isolation is a big problem in today’s society. People don’t like to go out and talk with others therefore when they go to the doctor, they get a green prescription.

I person who is in contact with nature never feels stress on his/her mind.

Let’s take a look on most common green prescriptions

Gardening for Physical and Mental Exercise

The most common green prescription is setting up a green garden or get involved in the community garden. Because while gardening your lift heavy soil bags. It is a sweaty job you need to sit and stand many times which is good for knees and back.

For gardening, you do not need a large space. Those who are living in apartments can start container gardening. Where we grow every plant in a container.

Or you can use hydroponic systems to grow plants in small spaces.  

This keeps a person busy in growing a plant from seed to big trees. When he/she see a tiny sprout coming out from the seeds. This gives the feeling of achievement which increases confidence.

Most of the time people like to grow flowers and vegetables because it is easy for them. When they see vegetables grown by them are liked by other people, they feel confident. This feeling of confidence increases socialism and reduce the level of depression and anxiety.

Gardening is an outdoor activity you can grow plants in the yard or even inside your home in containers.

Involved in the community garden

You can find many community gardens in the UK. Choose the nearby community garden and Participate in gardening if you feel lonely. Moreover, you can learn many new things from others. Because many new and experienced growers work together to bring life to a seed.

There you learn many new skills, talk to other people, you learn how to work in a team. All these new skills help to reduces depression and anxiety.

If there is no community garden in your area get help from your friend and family members to grow plants. Or you can read the articles online, watch YouTube videos, and learn from there.

Fresh food

For good physical and mental health, one should need to eat fresh organic food. Eating organic vegetables grown in your garden by yourself encourages you to keep eating fresh and good food. Start with the vegetables that you and your family like to eat every week. This way you can reduce the grocery bill because growing vegetables at home are cheaper than buying from the farmer’s market or from the supermarket.

Improved diet, increased physical activity and socialism improve the personality.

Those living stressful life should start growing food as soon as possible. Herbs are the easiest thing to start with if you don’t have any past experience of gardening. Read our other articles and know everything about growing different vegetables at home.

You and Nature

Green prescriptions push people towards nature and a high percentage of the population is shifting towards green life. It is good for our environment and planet. The more our society connects with trees, plants, and the natural world, the more will be respect for every living thing on this planet. This way we stop damaging our atmosphere.

In short, gardening help you to save your environment, your health, money on grocery, relax your mind, and give happiness.

Final words

It costs you nothing to walk in a green park or to help others to maintain the environment green. If you don’t want to set up a garden at your residence then go to the local nursery and help them with their work. This way you can keep yourself healthy, learn about different plants, and help the community and contribute to keeping our planet green and safe.

Easy vegetables to grow at home

Easy vegetables to grow at home

Everyone should eat green organic vegetables than other food to live a healthy life. Organic food will be your top choice to stay young and healthy. Doctors recommend adding vegetables of different colors in our food to live a disease-free longer life. You can start with the easy to grow UK vegetables.

Because I believe that the best way to eat good healthy food is to grow it at home by yourself. You don’t need to have a big yard to grow vegetables. Container gardening and hydroponics is the technique to grow food in a small space.

Every vegetable has its own growing requirements means you can’t give the same nutrients and light to every vegetable.

Today you will learn about the 9 vegetables that are easy to grow at home. First-time growers should start their indoor vegetable garden from one of these vegetables.

Let’s find out more about what are easy vegetables to grow at home.

Green Beans

Canned green beans have preservatives in them and frozen beans lose 60% of their nutrients. Fresh beans are the healthiest beans that you can add to your food plate. Now the question is how you can have a continuous supply of organic fresh green beans.

The simple answer is by growing them at your home. This is one of the easiest foods to grow indoors with the help of grow lights.

LED grow lights are perfect to grow greens at home. LEDs high-quality light band grow healthy food in a short time.

Green Onions

Green onions are the second easy to grow vegetable at home. Grow this food throughout the calendar. It does not need many nutrients and much care. Just give it a high nitrogen supplement and you will get top-quality green onions at home.

In just 40 to 60 days your green onions will be ready for the harvest and the second batch will also grow in a short time.


Radishes are healthy food for humans. It controls the damage to red blood cells and maintains the oxygen level in the blood. Best to improve digestion due to its high fiber content. Good to regulate the function of your bladder and liver. Also kills harmful bacteria in our intestine.

Now you will be surprised to know that you can grow it at home and your radishes will be ready for harvest in just 4 to 5 weeks.


If you don’t know how to control grow room temperature and just want to experiment with your growing skills. You should start with the Beets because they can be grown in any environment. High or low humidity does not affect beets.  Even if you water them less, they will not mind and grow healthy. I don’t think there is a need to tell you the health benefits of beets (everyone knows).


Capsicum is another easy to grow vegetable at home. It is an excellent source of vitamin C. vitamin C helps our body to fight against free radicals. It also delays the aging process and brings new life to dull and lifeless skin. It does not matter you grow bell peppers outdoor or indoors. You can have the same quality peppers at the time of harvest.

It takes 60 to 90 days to grow peppers at home but if you have a grow tent and all other necessary equipment you can shorten the growing time.


Grow them indoors and eat them after 70 to 80 days. Carrots do not require special conditions to grow. The only thing you need to keep in mind while growing carrots is to grow in a high quality growing medium. It can be potting soil or potting mix with the right amount of nutrients.

It is fun to grow carrots at home. They are good for our eyesight. If your eyesight is getting weak start eating carrots every day for 30 days. You will see improvement in your vision if you don’t have any serious eye problems. Nothing is like eating Fresh carrot salad at lunchtime with some cucumber and beets. You can add black pepper if you like or any sauce of your choice.


Everyone likes to eat potato chips but most of us are worried about the calories. The simple solution is growing kale at home and make low-calorie potato chips by toasting them in the oven.


You can add it to your salad plate, wraps, and sandwiches, this the plant that does not require any care. Most of the seeds will sprout in less than 5 days. Kale is a good option to replace your packed and processed potato chips.


We use tomatoes in almost every dish. Tomatoes are in sandwiches, wraps, salad bowls, sauces, etc. The high demand for tomatoes encourages farmers to grow more tomatoes and for this, they use different chemical contained supplements to speed up the growth.

Supplements also give more yield per plant. But these supplements are not safe for human consumption. Even if you wash them 10 times in water the traces of chemicals are still get left in tomatoes.

My advice is to grow your tomatoes in a container. This plant is easy to grow and you will have ripe tomatoes full of antioxidants.


Ginger is the last food item on our list but this does not mean you cannot grow other vegetables. This list of easy vegetables to grow at home is for those who want to grow such vegetables first that are easy to grow to gain some experience.

Ginger loves to grow in warm conditions so you cannot grow it in winters (outdoors). Plant to grow it indoors in pots and have fresh juicy ginger throughout the year. 

Once you harvest the first batch of ginger you can store it for 30 to 40 days. Freeze your fresh ginger to store it for more time. or you can make a paste of it to store it for 2 months.

Above mentioned are easy vegetables to grow at home. Gain some experience by starting form 1 or 2 at a time. The move to expensive crops.

What is Grow Bag Gardening and How to Start?

What is Grow Bag Gardening and How to Start?

Grow bag gardening is the perfect choice if you don’t have enough free space for growing plants. Grow bags or fabric pots make it easy for you to grow at home. Those who are living in apartments do not have a place to set up an outdoor garden.

They can use grow bags for gardening and set up them at any place like balconies or in corners inside their apartment.

Once you finish with growing fruits, salad, and vegetables in your grow bags wash them and store them for future use.

In this post, you’ll learn about grow bag gardening and how to start it.

What are the growing bags?

Grow bags are made up of high-quality fabric and are used to grow plants at home in a small space. Once you fill the grow bag with the right potting soil you can plant the seeds in it. We are using them for vegetable gardening for many years.

Commercial farmers who do not have greenhouse they also use fabric pots to grow different plants and herbs. They move these pots outdoor and indoor according to the weather conditions.

If you want to start container gardening then use fabric pots instead of plastic containers. Because the advantages of grow bags make them more suitable than plastic pots. Later in this post, you will learn about the benefits of gardening in grow bags.

Different types of bags are available for gardening. You can choose round bags, square bags and rectangular grow bags. Moreover, the use of fabric grow bags prevent root rot because these bags allow excess water to drain quickly than plastic pots.

They also allow good airflow that is necessary for the healthy growth of roots.

Container gardening and grow bag gardening

Because in plastic containers roots react differently due to the lack of aeration. Plastic containers are sealed containers with just one hole at the bottom. Roots in plastic pots grow excessively in round shape along the walls of pots in search of fresh air. The excess part of roots starts getting die and this affects the plant’s health.

The use of clay pots instead of plastic pots is a better choice. Clay pots have tiny holes and roots receive air through them.

In the case of grow bags, the extra oxygen nourishes the roots with fresh air, this encourages plants to produce new roots. This prevents the roots from drying and keeps them in good shape. This is the reason vegetables like tomatoes, cucumber, lettuce, spring onions, potatoes, and herbs can be successfully grown in fabric pots.

This means you can grow most of the vegetables on your balcony and if you have grow light you can also grow in corners of your apartment. In the UK most of the apartment growers have a balcony garden with indoor grow tents.

Grow tents help you to grow many fruits and vegetables at any time of the year. Because you have full control over the growing conditions when you use grow tents.

What are the benefits of grow bad gardening?

The benefits of Grow bag gardening are unlimited for those with limited space. Those living in an upstairs apartment can use these bags to grow inside their apartment or they can move these bags outside on the balcony when they need to do so. Or just put them on the floor and grow strawberries and herbs for your good health.

Pest free gardening is another benefit of growing in bags. Because in grow bags we use potting mix this is not garden soil. It is better than the normal garden soil and is safe to use for gardening.

Garden soil is more exposed to insects but the potting mix does not contain soil. So, there is no chance that mites, mealybugs, and other pests attack your plants.

The insects cannot penetrate underneath the bag if you don’t put soil in your bag. The only way insects can attack your plant is from the top. If you don’t have insects at your home I mean if your living space is neat and clean than your plants will be safe

Portability is another factor that makes them more desirable than others. It is easy to move a fabric grow than a clay pot or plastic pot filled with heavy soil.

Reuse them by washing them with warm water.

You can grow multiple types of vegetables in one bag turn by turn.

Take out the potting mix wash them and store them if not in use.

One bag can be used for 4 to 6 seasons.

Cheap in price than other pots and containers.

How to use Grow bags?

The very first thing you need to decide is which plant you want to grow in a fabric grow bag. The size of the bag depends upon the size of the plant being grown.

Remember the grow bags made with fabric material needs more water than plastic. Because grow bags allow more air to enter to roots area that evaporates the water quickly. If you can give water to your plants frequently then fabric pots are best for you. If you are an office employee and don’t have enough time to water plants regularly. Then you can use self-watering planters.

2-gallon bags are perfect to grow plants with a diameter of 8 inches and a height of 10 inches.

5 to 10-gallon bags are good to grow potatoes, sweet potatoes, onions, etc.

While choosing to grow bags make sure you choose the correct size of the bag. It is not worth to grow small size plants in big grow bags. Because you need to put more potting mix in your big bag and give more fertilizers this will increase the overall production cost. If you have a big grow bag grow big plants or many small plants at once.

The best soil for growing in Fabric bags?

For new growers the use of premixed potting soil or potting mix is perfect. If you have knowledge of potting soil you can make it at home at a low cost.

One-third of peat moss, compost, and vermiculite is the better choice. This mixture retains the water for a long time and reduces the frequent need for water.

While filling the bag with growing medium leave the upper two inches of grow bag. Do not fill it to the top edge.

Now lift the bag, shake it so that the soil sits evenly, and then use your hand to gently loosen the soil.

Keep in mind that your bag has to have a drain hole at the bottom. Many of the high-quality grow bags comes with a pre drainage hole. But if yours don’t have it, make it by using scissors, a half-inch hole is enough (just one hole).

How to decorate grow bags so they look good?

Bu using the below trick you can decorate your grow bags and they will look stylish in your house.


Buy two to three tiers frames to put grow bags in them. This way they look stylish, beautiful and you can get more at one spot. This means you can grow more in the same space with a little height. Grow bags do not carry more space than 27 inches. You can add two bags in the lower frame and two more in the upper frame.

Planter tub:

You can use a planter tub to place them safely. You can choose a planter tub made of steel and plastic. This saves your carpets from water drainage. The water that drains out of the grow bag collects in the planter tub. Then you can move the planter tub to drain the excess water in the sink.

Pros and cons of Using Grow bags for gardening

Everything has some good and some negative points. Let’s discuss the Pros of Grow bags first

Grow bags have handles and they are easy to move from one place to other

They do not crack in different temperatures and are more durable than plastic ones.

You can easily grow food in limited space

Great for renters who want to start a garden in a rented place. 

Excellent drainage and aeration abilities

Fabric grow pots are Reusable grow pots


Your pets can chew your grow bag

People complain about the handles of bags, they fall off easily but a good brand has durable grow bags. Read online reviews before buying them

More water is required than plastic pots due to good aeration

I hope you like the Grow bag gardening post and now it is easy for you to grow in small grow areas. Please leave us a comment on what you like about it.

Gardening Guide for beginners

Gardening Guide for beginners

If you are a beginner and want to start an indoor garden, then this post will help you to set up a home garden easily. You do not need any experience to start an indoor garden.

This post will teach you indoor gardening for beginners.

Read this post till the end, follow the steps, and have a beautiful garden at home.

Why do you need to start an indoor garden ASAP?

In my opinion, everyone should start an indoor garden at home. If you want to eat fresh organically grown healthy food then you need to start an indoor garden. Basically, the aim of every indoor garden whether it is a vegetable garden or an indoor herb garden is to eat the best quality food year-round.

Doctors also recommend eating chemicals free organically grown fruit and vegetables.

You can also grow flowers of your choice and make your home interiors more beautiful. If you are looking for a new interesting hobby create a garden at home. Indoor gardening is an excellent hobby it keeps you busy and reduces stress hormone (proven in the scientific study).

By growing plants at home, you are making your home environment clean and free of toxic gases like carbon, Ammonia gas, etc.  Do you know your wooden furniture, electric appliances, wall paint, etc release harmful gases in small quantities and pollute your home environment?

By growing greens at home, you can reduce this pollution by up to 95%.

Initial costs of starting indoor gardening for beginners

It depends upon the size of your indoor garden but usually, you just need a few pounds to start a home garden.

Let me explain,

The cost of a small hobby indoor garden is totally depending upon the below things

  1. Cost of seeds
  2. Cost of fertilizers
  3. Cost of a container (it is best to use old containers from home)
  4. Cost of growing tools and accessories (in case of the vegetable garden and fruit garden)

For an herb garden, you do not need to buy growing tools like grow lights, grow tents, heat mats, etc. just put them on the window shelf where the growing herb can get sufficient sunlight.

If you want to grow herbs or other plants in your basement then you need to buy grow lights.

The cost of seeds varies according to the season and ordered quantity. You pay less if you buy seeds in more quantity. Containers are cheap to buy.

Grow lights are costly but in long run, they are quite affordable. You can get a decent light between 20 to 170 pounds depending upon the number of plants and area you want to cover.

How to start indoor gardening for beginners

To start an indoor garden, you have to learn about the basic things first. Like Space, humidity, fertilizers, etc

Find the Space:

First of all, select the place where you want to set up your garden.  It is totally depending upon your choice, you can grow indoor plants anywhere in the house, even in a dark area or in the basement. If you are going to use grow lights then every corner of your house can be used for growing plants.

But if you do not want to use grow lights then you need to select a place where your plant can receive enough sunlight (6 to 9 hours).

Select Plant Type:

The second step is, select a plant you want to grow. For beginners, it is best to start with herbs. Herbs do not need high bright light to grow so you do not need to buy a grow light and are also easy to grow with minimal maintenance.

I had started my indoor garden with Basil. It was the first plant that I grew at home 10 years ago. Now I have lots of vegetables, fruits, herbs and flowers in my indoor garden.

Once you gain some experience take one step forward and grow big plants.

To grow herbs, always start from seeds buy high-quality seeds from a reputed nursery or seed store. You can order them online from the garden store also.

90% of plant health depends on the quality of seeds.

To know more about how to grow plants from seeds click here.

Choose your Container:

You can plant your seeds in old yogurt containers or in other similar containers. But if you want to grow like professionals, I suggest you choose a plant container made of clay or cement. Wooden and plastic containers are in fashion now but there are many drawbacks to them so I do not encourage you to choose them.

Plastic is not good for health and it also releases toxic gas which increases your home pollution. Another thing is a potting mixture in plastic containers does not hold water content for a long time and you need to water frequently.

Wooden container manufacturers add chemicals into it to make it rot-resistant. Go for clay and cemented pots only. Make sure the container you choose has a hole at the bottom this hole is called a drainage hole. It is there to save your plant from excess water.

If you accidentally add excess water to the pot the extra water will drain out through this bottom hole.

Grow light:

In case you want to grow vegetables and fruits at home. You will need to buy a grow light to grow them. you cannot grow lettuce, tomatoes, potatoes, lemon, and other food items by placing them on a window shelf.

These plants required bright high-intensity light for a long duration. LED grow lights are the best to choose from, they are energy efficient, emit a high amount of full spectrum of light, no maintenance cost, no extra heat management system required.

LED grow lights have tons of benefits over other traditional lighting systems.


Every plant grew indoor needs good fertilizers to grow fast and healthy. When you grow plants under direct sunlight. They get essential nutrients from the soil and sun. But when it comes to growing them under artificial grow light, it is the grower’s responsibility to give high-quality fertilizers to plants. 

Herbs do not need fertilizers in high amounts like in the case of vegetables and some fruits.

Essential fertilizers for house plants.

Potting soil:

The basic formula of indoor potting soil is 50 % garden soil, 40% coco coir, and 10% compost (nutrient source).

You can also add perlite instead of coco coir if your plants do not need much moisture in the growing medium.

Coco coir holds the moisture in them for a long time and you do not have to water your plants frequently.

Watch the video to know to understand better


Most of the plants can survive in 30 to 45% humidity but you need to maintain it near about 50% in the air. You need to increase the humidity level by more than 50% when you are growing plants native to tropical forests.

Summer is the time when the air has less water content (humidity). At this time choose a cool vapor humidifier to maintain the right level of humidity for your plants.  


Temperature is a crucial part of indoor growing and you will be glad to know that you do not need to do anything to maintain the temperature. Every plant can easily tolerate and grow in the 10 degrees C to 35 degrees C temperature range.

Best Houseplants for beginners:



Peace Lily

Jade plant


Coriander (herb)

Gardening tools for beginners

The very first tool you need to buy is Garden gloves. Water-resistant nylon made gloves are best to use.

The second thing you need to buy is a Soil pH tester kit to check the acidic level of the soil. But if you are using potting soil then you do not need to buy this pH tester kit. pH test kits are mandatory in hydroponic growing systems.

You should also use safety glasses while working with plants and fertilizers.

These are the basic things that you need to have even if you are growing plants for the first time.

I hope you like the post indoor gardening for beginners. Visit again for more interesting gardening methods and news.

Indoor gardening in UK and How to Start your Indoor garden

Indoor gardening in UK and How to Start your Indoor garden

Indoor gardening in UK is the best technique to refresh the mind and body. You can grow fresh vegetables, herbs, and many beautiful houseplants to improve air quality.

You can grow almost every herb and vegetable indoors with the help of a few indoor gardening tools.

In this post you will find:

Complete starting course of indoor gardening in simple words. Learn Everything about indoor gardening in easy steps.

The guide also includes:

What things you need for indoor gardening, how much it costs, how to start, Is it a cost-effective method, etc.. etc.

This guide is specially made for beginners, read till the end before starting a plant indoors.

Let’s start from the basics

Why you should start indoor gardening in UK?

Decoration & Enjoyment

Indoor gardening is the best hobby for all age groups. It reduces stress and gives a mental balance. Growing plants at home is not a job it is like entertaining your mind. Learning new skills is always beneficial for our brain neuron cells.

I have many types of beautiful flowers grown at home. They make my home beautiful and their fragrance brings me close to nature.

Moreover, interior designers always choose flowers to decorate houses. This means with the help of a few different types of flowers you can make your home paradise.

Indoor Gardening in UK for Food

The best benefit of growing plants at home is having fresh food at a low cost for 365 days. You can grow many vegetables, herbs, and fruits at home. Those who don’t have enough space for gardening can also grow vegetables in containers and vegetable bags.

In apartments, you have a balcony and this is the best place to start a balcony garden. You can grow some fresh salad items with herbs and flowers.

Anyone can grow food at home and this is the best method to eat organically grown food. Because when you grow at home you don’t use harmful pesticides and fertilizers on your growing vegetables. This gives you chemical free highly nutritional food at a low cost them the supermarket.

Quality of Air

The inside environment of our houses is more pollutant than the outside environment. Because the furniture, paint, matters, etc all release toxic gases in a very limited amount. This is the reason you feel suffocated when you open your house after coming back from a holiday trip. 

Plants are your best air purifiers. When you grow plants at home in flower pots and containers. They keep your home air free of pollutants. Plants produce oxygen and absorb carbon from the surroundings. So, they absorb carbon and other harmful gases from your home and release fresh oxygen. This way they improve the air quality index of your home.

Help in outdoor gardening

Indoor gardening in UK helps you to support your outdoor gardening. Because you can germinate seeds indoors and transfer them outdoor in spring. For germination or to develop seedlings, you need to give a warm temperature to your seeds. Inside our home, we have the perfect temperature for starter plants.

What is Indoor gardening and how much space is required to start?

In simple words, indoor gardening means growing plants in any part of the home without sunlight, with the help of manmade artificial grow lights.

In indoor gardening, you use pant Seeds, Grow lights, Nutrients/fertilizers, and Water to grow the healthy plants in a short time (explained below).

You can convert your entire basement (if have one) into a grow room


 You can just use any unused corner of your house to grow indoor plants. Because indoor plants do not need much space to grow. If you can afford you can grow them separately in a Grow tent.

Grow tent is an enclosed cabinet made of high-quality canvas material with inner reflective sides.

All about Best grow tents.

 If you think indoor gardening is a messy job, you are completely wrong. Indoor gardening is a perfect hobby because it gives you high nutritional food to eat at a very low cost. Salad items like lettuce, cucumber, tomatoes, avocadoes, etc are best to grow at home in containers. This can reduce your grocery expenses.

In my opinion, everyone should need to have a Small or Medium Herb Garden at home. This way you can have a continuous supply of all types of essential herbs that makes your body and mind healthy.

Experts recommend starting to grow indoors as soon as possible because they believe everybody in the United Kingdom needs fresh food throughout the year. Most of the population especially youngsters eat fast food (burgers, fried food items, etc) and invite health issues.

The best possible way to eat healthy and fresh food throughout the year is to grow it at your home. It is a simple process all you need is motivation and correct knowledge of indoor gardening. 

The best part of growing food at home is, it is an easier and cheaper way to get healthy chemical-free food. In commercial growing, farmers use many types of fertilizers and insecticides which put negative effects on human health.

Years ago, we do not have an opportunity to grow in small spaces actually there was not enough technology and developments at the time. Now we can grow in our basements, living room, Laundry room, bedrooms (use growing cabinets for secret farming), backyards.

What are the different types of Indoor Gardening?

  1. Using soil as grow medium
  2. Without soil (Hydroponics)

Soil as a growing medium

In this method, we use soil as a growing medium like in traditional farming in open fields. The only difference is LED Grow light instead of sunlight. People who do not want to spend money on other growing systems or beginners (without experience) should try to grow in the soil first.

Growing in soil is not bad at all it just slows down the growth of plants. Moreover, you cannot control the quality of fruits and the production rate.

Container Gardening

In container gardening, we use containers and vegetable bags to grow plants inside the home. This is the easiest way of growing vegetables at home. Pots should have drainage holes at the bottom to save your plant from excess water. You can also make good draining containers at home by making holes at the bottom.


In such methods, we use nutrient-rich solutions to give direct nutrient supply to our plants. Hydroponic growing systems are the best example where we do not use soil.

In a hydroponic system, we use a nutrient-rich solution for the continuous supply of healthy nutrients to our plants. it is the easy and best way of indoor gardening if you do not want to play with soil or want more control over your plants.

What are the benefits of indoor growing and how much it costs to start indoor gardening?

  1. Indoor gardening UK provides us the best and fresh fruits and vegetable for our kitchen
  2. Fresh herbs always available throughout the year for your cooking
  3. Growing indoor gives you control over the plant. You know which chemicals are going into your food.
  4. Indoor gardening also improves your health. When you have a good supply of daily eating foods like the items, we eat in salad your overall health will improve in a few days. You feel better and fit.
  5. Indoor farming also helps to save our resources because in this method we grow our food in a controlled environment. Which means no more wastage of natural resources.
  6. No need for labor and you do not need to work hard like in open fields. Indoor growing systems and Grow lights do everything for you. All you need to do is monitor everything at least 3 times a day.
  7. This is the best method of spending time for retirees.
  8. No more pests attack or infection to our food. When we grow food in grow tents or grow room, we keep the pests or other diseases away from our healthy plants.
  9. Pure and organic food for the entire family.
  10. It also improves your health and gives peace of mind that your loved ones are eating chemical-free food grown by you.
  11. Keep the family bonding strong, increase love between family members. When one family work to take care of other health this will automatically increase the respect levels.
  12. Get high-quality crops in a few days
  13. No limit, there are many fruits and veggies that you cannot grow in the UK because the environment is not suitable for them, but with the help of grow tents, we can grow them at our place by giving them the exact required favorable growing conditions.
  14. You can grow anything at any time of the year, regardless of the current weather or season.

What are Grow Lights and why do they call Grow lights?

A grow light is an artificial man-made light that we use to grow almost all types of fruits, vegetables, and herbs when there is not sufficient sunlight. In many parts of the world, we do not have enough sunlight for an entire year. So, scientists develop a formula to grow food in the absence of sunlight.

For example, in the winter season, we do not have enough sunlight but our plants need it to grow. If plants do not grow then how we get fresh food to eat. Without much, sunlight farmers cannot grow certain fruits and vegetables to full fill the demand of our people.

Therefore, researchers take the responsibility to find out the solution. They did thousands of experiments and finally develop a grow light by using which we can grow healthy plants at home. Thanx to those scientists for making indoor farming possible.

Soil and Nutrients

The soil we use for indoor gardening should be light and fluffy. This type of soil has good drainage properties. Medium-weight soil is good to grow vegetables like eggplant, potatoes, tomatoes, etc at home under Grow lights.

You need to give all the essential nutrients to your plants when you grow them at home. Because they get micronutrients naturally from the soil when growing outdoors. Pre-fertilize potting soil is a good option to start if you don’t have knowledge about fertilizing plants.

For home growers special nutrients are available in the market you can buy them from Amazon at a low cost.


Giving water to plants is not as simple as you think it is. Pouring a bit of water on plants is not a perfect watering. Some plants need more water than others. Some need frequent watering and tropical plants to thrive in well moist soil.

Before watering plants, you need to check the condition of the soil. if you feel the soil is dry water it immediately.

Is indoor gardening cost-effective?

There are many vegetables that are easy and beneficial to grow at home. You need to choose those vegetables and fruits that produce a high volume of food. For example, if you grow grapevines and fruit trees you will get produce after a few years. This increases the production cost because you need to care for them for years to get a few grapes etc.

On the other hand, if you grow tomatoes you can have many tomatoes per plant and this reduces the overall production cost.

Green beans, Green lettuce, squash, potatoes, herbs, berry bushes, etc are cost-effective to grow at home.

Where to buy indoor gardening UK kits and supplies?

Most of the time you cannot find all the indoor gardening equipment in your near garden store. So, you need to find them online. Amazon is the best place to buy indoor gardening supplies. You can find many sellers on Amazon that are selling different indoor gardening kits. Many most trusted brands like Vivosun, ipower, Gorilla Grow Tent, Mardhydro, etc are available there.

What do you need for indoor gardening?

First of all, you need motivation and a strong decision to become an indoor grower. Even if growing plants at home is your hobby you still need a strong decision.

Then you need some essential growing equipment

Grow lights

Grow tents

Potting soil

Nutrient and fertilizers

Carbon filter

Ventilation system


Seeds and seedlings