It does not matter you grow plants indoors or outdoors. The quality of soil and fertilizers is crucial to plant health. For healthy perfect plants, you need to use the best soil for plants. It should have good drainage properties, free of diseases, loosely packed.
Give clean freshwater and good quality nutrients to grow healthy plants in best plant soil.
Selection of the Right soil keeps the production cost low and gives you fresh herbs and vegetables at a lower cost than the supermarket.
Choosing soil for your indoor garden is a tuff job. It seems easy to just grab any soil from the garden store and use it in your plant pots and containers.
But in reality, you need to consider many things while choosing soil for your indoor plants.
In this article, you will learn 3 methods of choosing the best soil for your indoor garden.
Methods no.1: Consider Your Plant Needs
Identify your plant needs
The first step in choosing the best soil for plants is to identify the requirements of your plants. You can go online and search for the plants’ needs or read the plant growing book or ask while buying any plant from the local nursery.
This way you will know about the specific needs of your plant and further you can use the information to choose the best soil for plants.
Try to know about the following things.
The amount of humidity that your plants like to grow in. For example, plants that are native to deserts like cactus needs sandy potting soil with excellent drainage properties. Whereas plants native to tropical rain forests want moist soil for 365 days.
Secondly consider the pH level of the plant soil because different species of plants need different pH levels. For example, rain forest plants need more alkaline soil and others like acidic soil like African Violet 5.0 to 6.0 pH.
When you grow native plants, you can easily find the best soil for them. All you need to do is search online or ask the nursery attendant about the Optimum soil and pH requirements of the plant.
For native plants, you can use your normal garden soil, or for best growth mix some compost or manure in it.
Organic or Non-Organic Soil
By nonorganic soil, I mean the conventional potting soil. You need to understand the difference between organic and conventional soil. organic soil is made of organic materials whereas conventional soil has some traces of organic material.
Organic potting soil is best for the environment and you get organic vegetables when you use organic soil to grow. It has many organic bacteria in it so it is perfect for outdoor gardening but it is not suitable for indoor gardening. Because the bacteria in it release an unpleasing smell when they break down the fertilizers. This increases the chances of root rot and the formation of mold. The microorganisms in it are perfect to increase the fertility of outdoor garden soil.
Nonorganic soil contains nutrients and fertilizers that are made by humans as well as peat, manure, and some other good potting soil ingredients. This does not produce any smell and has excellent water drainage capabilities. Nutrients that are used to mix in non-organic soil are called synthetic nutrients.
Method No.2: Soil Weight
Lighter Potting Soil
Lightweight or loosely packed soil is best for hanging plants. It is also good for such plants that do not want direct sunlight. In simple words you should use lightweight soil for plants can be grown in indirect bright light.
For example Tropical rain forest plants
Heavy soil can spoil your hard work in a few days because this type of soil holds the water and nutrients for a long time. This increases the humidity level of the soil. the plants that do not like to live in high humid conditions start dying slowly.
Medium weight soil
Medium weight soil is always good for indoor gardening. Plants that required a good amount of light for a couple of hours per day, like to thrive in medium packed soil. This type of soil is best for plants because it holds a good amount of water and nutrients. Also has good draining properties to save plant form excess water. Medium weight soil absorbs the nutrients and holds them inside it to supply them to plant roots continuously.
Also, medium weight soil holds the plant firmly so that it can stand straight in pots.
Heavy or closely bound soil
Do not use this type of soil for any plant to grow because it is not the best soil for plants. Tightly packed soil retains the water and nutrient in high amounts. This does not allow excess water to drain quickly. This creates deadly conditions for plants and your plant will die in less than 4 days.
Tightly packed soil does not have air pockets which reduces the fresh airflow to plant roots. Also, the soil does not give room to plant roots to grow full size. Plants grow in such soil become stressed and at last, they die.
Method No.3: Fertilizer and Soil
This type of soil is best to grow plants without experience. Because new growers do not have knowledge about fertilizing house plants. They often think that supplying a high amount of nutrients triggers health and faster growth.
But this not true at all. Excess nutrients can burn your plant; your plants will develop yellow leaves.
If you are new to gardening buy pre-fertilized soil. This soil has everything and you do not need to give fertilizers to your plants for the rest of plant life.
The best place to buy pre-fertilized soil is Amazon. In your local store, you will the soil at a higher cost. Because they make the soil at their place and this costs them many pounds.
Whereas the big manufacturer of gardening fertilizers and tools makes soil on a large scale. This keeps the production cost low and you get high-quality products at a low cost.
Check the following while buying Fertilized soil
You will see three numbers written in the soil bags like 20-10-10. This indicates the percentage of Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and potassium in the soil. Remember you need to choose a high amount of nitrogen because this is the essential nutrient that your plants need to develop green leaves and stems.
Some fertilizers have trace elements like copper, zinc, magnesium, etc. The best fertilizer always has both micro and macronutrients.